事件からNZ政府の対応の速さに驚くことがたくさん。— Mayumi Rowcroft (@mayumi_dunedin) March 19, 2019
The original text is found in the preface Blake wrote for inclusion with Milton, a Poem, following the lines beginning "The Stolen and Perverted Writings of Homer & Ovid: of Plato & Cicero, which all Men ought to contemn: ..."
And did those feet in ancient time,
Walk upon Englands[b] mountains green:
And was the holy Lamb of God,
On Englands pleasant pastures seen!
And did the Countenance Divine,
Shine forth upon our clouded hills?
And was Jerusalem builded here,
Among these dark Satanic Mills?
Bring me my Bow of burning gold:
Bring me my Arrows of desire:
Bring me my Spear: O clouds unfold:
Bring me my Chariot of fire!
I will not cease from Mental Fight,
Nor shall my Sword sleep in my hand:
Till we have built Jerusalem,
In Englands green & pleasant Land.
Beneath the poem Blake inscribed a quotation from the Bible:
"Would to God that all the Lords[c] people were Prophets"
Numbers XI. Ch 29.v
"Dark Satanic Mills"
The phrase "dark Satanic Mills", which entered the English language from this poem, is often interpreted as referring to the early Industrial Revolution and its destruction of nature and human relationships. This view has been linked to the fate of the Albion Flour Mills in Southwark, the first major factory in London. This rotary steam-powered flour mill by Matthew Boulton and James Watt could produce 6,000 bushels of flour per week.
The factory could have driven independent traditional millers out of business, but it was destroyed in 1791 by fire, perhaps deliberately. London's independent millers celebrated with placards reading, "Success to the mills of Albion but no Albion Mills." Opponents referred to the factory as satanic, and accused its owners of adulterating flour and using cheap imports at the expense of British producers. A contemporary illustration of the fire shows a devil squatting on the building. The mills were a short distance from Blake's home.
Blake's phrase resonates with a broader theme in his works, what he envisioned as a physically and spiritually repressive ideology based on a quantified reality. Blake saw the cotton mills and collieries of the period as a mechanism for the enslavement of millions, but the concepts underpinning the works had a wider application:
And all the Arts of Life they changed into the Arts of Death in Albion./...[d]
— Jerusalem Chapter 3. William Blake
The first reference to Satan's "mills", next to images of megaliths (Milton: A Poem in Two Books, copy C, object 4)
Albion Flour Mills, Bankside, London
Another interpretation, amongst Nonconformists, is that the phrase refers to the established Church of England.・・・
«The Vessel» inauguré à New York https://t.co/xwG5Ii4A0H— Le Soir (@lesoir) March 18, 2019
En Thaïlande, cette tour insolite n'est autre qu'un temple bouddhiste : le Wat Samphran 🐉 pic.twitter.com/nmV94vngeq— Creapills 💊 (@creapills) March 18, 2019